Did Western Sanctions Affect Sino-Russian Economic Ties?

Written by Alexander Gabuev. In the wake of Ukraine crisis, Russia hoped that closer ties to China would offset the negative impact of Western sanctions. To their surprise, Kremlin leaders have discovered that Western sanctions work in China too – despite Beijing’s official assurances that they don’t. As interviews with officials and bankers on both …

Under the sea: Russia, China and American control of the waterways

Written by Simon Reich. In the summer of 2007, in a bizarre incident shown live on Russian television, scientists accompanied by a couple of senior politicians descended 4,300 meters to the floor of the Arctic Ocean in two Mir mini submarines. Divers then planted a Russian flag on the seabed, and Russia officially notified the …

Russian perceptions of China in the Arctic

Written by Alex Calvo. The debate on Russo-Chinese relations in the Arctic has become more intense in the last few months as western sanctions have prompted Moscow to rely more on China in the energy arena. News of greater scope for Chinese corporations to invest in the Arctic have been accompanied by reports of other …

Sino-Russian collaboration on the Northern Sea Route development

Written by Svetlana Krivokhizh & Nadezhda Filimonova. In recent years interest in commercial navigation through the Northern Sea Route (NSR) has grown significantly among Arctic and non-Arctic states alike. The main reason relates to the retreat of ice in the Arctic Sea, which creates opportunities for the use of a viable sea route for shipping and trade. …

China rediscovers its northern roots

Written by Mia Bennett. In May 2013, China gained observer status in the Arctic Council, the preeminent intergovernmental organization of the world’s northernmost region. China, along with South Korea, Japan, Singapore, India, and Italy, joined the ranks of existing observer states like the United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Spain, to name a few. China’s newfound …

China’s Interest in Arctic Shipping

Written by Frédéric Lasserre. The commercial and strategic implications of climate change and the melting of the sea ice in the Arctic have drawn attention not only to Arctic states, but also to some other countries that have no territorial access to the region, such as China, South Korea, and Japan. Reasoning on the new climatological …

The Kremlin seeks a greater role on Korean Peninsula

Written by Alex Calvo. When discussing North Korea, many observers tend to focus on relations with South Korea, the United States, China, and Japan. But we should not forget Pyongyang’s “other neighbour”, Russia. The confirmation that Kim Jong-Un will be attending WWII victory celebrations in Moscow, his first foreign trip since 2011 and one directly …

Kyrgyzstan’s accession to the Eurasian Economic Union: Impact on cross-border trade with China

Written by Alex Calvo. One of President Putin’s guiding principles is the reconstruction of a Russian sphere of influence over much of the former Soviet Union, whose fall he once described as “the greatest geopolitical catastrophe” of the 20th Century. This policy is driven by both economic and security considerations and does not seek a …

Chinese and Russian National Identity on the 70th Anniversary of WWII

Written by Gilbert Rozman. The year 2015 serves in China to showcase Japan’s alleged transgressions from the postwar order and in Russia to accuse the West of violating that order through the spread of the EU and NATO to the east, denying Russia its legitimate sphere of influence. As the world draws closer to the commemorative …

The other ‘pivot’: Is Russia also rebalancing towards the Pacific?

Written by Alex Calvo. While the US ‘Pivot to the Pacific’ features regularly in media and academic discourses, we hear much less about Russia’s own turn towards the great ocean. Yet, isn’t Moscow also interested in paying more attention in that direction? A number of reasons may prompt us to answer the question in the …