Cybersecurity and China’s Rise as a Global Power – a Challenge for Europe

Written by Johannes Kadura. The rise of China and cybersecurity are two central issues that dominate the media and are being discussed by policymakers around the world. At the foreign policy level, the two issues have become increasingly intertwined. European and specifically German policymakers ought to pay close attention to these developments and familiarize themselves …

Where is China’s Textile and Apparel Industry Going?

Written by Sheng Lu and Marsha A. Dickson. China is well known as the largest textile and apparel (T&A) producer and exporter in the world, yet China’s T&A industry is also under-going tremendous restructuring and transformation. This article intends to shed light on the broad landscape of China’s T&A industry in the years ahead. Capturing where …

Innovation Policy in China: Building a Thucydides’s Tech Trap?

Written by Regina Abrami. In 2012, Graham T. Allison, Director of the Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, warned in a Financial Times opinion piece of potential conflict between the United States and China. A year later, by way of a New York Times article, Allison again issued a clarion call against …

Why do many Chinese SOEs fail to achieve their ambitions?

Written by Jing Cai. China’s remarkable economic growth since the late 1970s has been accompanied, and in some degree caused, by changes in ownership and corporate governance. A large private sector grew up, partly through the founding of new firms, and partly through privatisation. But (full) privatisation was confined to small and medium state-owned enterprises (SOEs). …

Chinese technological development: Too open to the world and in the wrong way?

Written by Andrew Tylecote.  It is widely agreed that ‘latecomer firms’ (LCFs) and their economies should catch up through cooperation (‘linkage’) with what Mathews (2006) calls ‘incumbents’. The cooperation revolves around the sourcing of incumbents, and their technology licensing: they buy goods from, and sell technology to, LCFs. This creates a sort of ladder upwards; first …

Food safety challenges call for big changes in Chinese food companies

Written by Nicoletta Ferro. Ensuring food security, in terms of ongoing availability of food provisions, has always been one of the top priorities in the Chinese government agenda. Memories of the Great Famine are still vivid in the mind of many Chinese and while the country has succeeded in combating hunger and gained food self-sufficiency, concerns …

Chinese agriculture in the wake of the global food crisis

Written by Francesca Bray. In 2007-8 a food crisis rocked the world. A concatenation of climatic, economic and financial factors sent global food prices rocketing. Drought in Australia, then the world’s second largest wheat exporter after the USA, had cut the 2006 wheat harvest from 25 to 10 million tons. Bad weather reduced the 2007 …

The Three Gorges Dam: China’s Clean Energy Hero or Villain?

Written by Christopher Dent. Hydropower remains by far the world’s dominant renewable energy source for producing electricity, still well over twice the combined installed global capacity of wind and solar. China accounts for over a quarter of worldwide hydropower installed worldwide, having embarked on the world’s most ambitious large dam-building programme since the 1990s. By …

An Industrial Economic Perspective on China’s Prospects as an Innovative Country

Written by Junbo Yu. The declaration of China’s “National Guidelines on a Medium and Long-term Program for Science and Technology Development 2006-2020” (hereafter S&T Guideline) epitomised the climax in Beijing’s technology modernisation attempt. This process of implicit, temporary and topical policy efforts were finally subjected to state will with explicit, comprehensive strategies (namely the “Independent Innovation …

China: Innovator or Follower?

Written by Richard P. Appelbaum. In 2006, continuing its effort to achieve world-class status as an S&T innovator, the Chinese government launched its National Medium- and Long-Term Plan (MLP) for the Development of Science and Technology 2006-2020, making “indigenous innovation” its top developmental priority. China’s emphasis on indigenous innovation positions the Chinese state as a key …