China’s Space Program and Comprehensive National Power

Written by Dean Cheng. As the People’s Republic of China (PRC) assumes an increasingly significant role in the world, its influence grows across a wide array of sectors. This comports with the Chinese method of assessing its security and standin

International Code of Conduct for Outer Space Activities: Major Asian Perspectives

Written by Rajeswari Pillai Rajagopalan. Efforts to establish international norms for outer space activities have been increased in the recent years. Some of the major initiatives include the EU-initiated International Code of Conduct for Outer Space Activities (ICoC), the Russia-China proposed draft Treaty on Prevention of the Placement of Weapons in Outer Space and of the Threat …

China’s anti-satellite (ASAT) program: Art of War meets 21st Century technology

Written by Alex Calvo. It is often said that in warfare it is essential to command heights, an injunction one can find in the Art of War itself, which goes as far as saying that “he who is skilled in attack flashes forth from the topmost heights of heaven”. The advent of aviation soon resulted …

Space Station Politics

Written by Roger Handberg. We are now entering the third wave in space station construction: the first occurring in the 1970s with the Soviet Salyut series of space stations and the American Skylab; the second saw more complex structures with the Soviet/Russian Mir space station and the Space Station Freedom which morphed into the International …

Warfare and China’s Space Program

Written by Larry M. Wortzel. China launched its first satellite into space in 1970, about twelve years after the United States. In manned space flight, China’s Shenzhou program trailed the U.S. and Russia (then the Soviet Union) by more than forty years. However, China made up for lost time quickly. Since publishing its first “white …

China in Space: Carrying Forward the Spirit of Two Bombs and One Satellite

Written by James A. Lewis. Manned spaceflight is not economically rewarding. Nor does it provide military advantage, which is best gained from unmanned craft. The scientific benefits of manned spaceflight have long been exhausted since most programs only repeat things done decades ago. But manned spaceflight is not without profit when measured by its political and …

China’s Big Gamble in Space

Written by Joan Johnson-Freese. Space activity, including everything from launch, to orbital operations, servicing and exploration– and especially human spaceflight– is difficult, risky and expensive. If it were not more countries would be claiming bragging rights. But it is, and so while most countries are users of space-provided information, only a few can claim major …

China’s National Security Space Ambitions

Written by Kevin Pollpeter. China has made impressive gains across the broad spectrum of space technologies since 2000. Eschewing its historical strategy of human wave attacks to annihilate an enemy, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) is now being trained and equipped to fight “local wars under informationized conditions.” The PLA now views the ability to …

China’s Space Program

In 2003 China became the third country after the United States and Russia to launch a human into space. Yang Liwei’s successful mission on Shenzhou 5 was possible due to the accelerated program of technological development under the supervision of the China National Space Administration (CNSA). China’s space program has existed since 1956 when the …