Shock and ore: Chinese interest in Greenland’s mines

Written by Jichang Lulu. Chinese mining in Greenland has triggered a political crisis and a good deal of geopolitical speculation, complete with indignant responses from the Chinese government and state-owned press. All that attention without any operations actually existing. While interest in Greenland’s ores from government institutions and both state-owned and private enterprises reached a high …

Russian perceptions of China in the Arctic

Written by Alex Calvo. The debate on Russo-Chinese relations in the Arctic has become more intense in the last few months as western sanctions have prompted Moscow to rely more on China in the energy arena. News of greater scope for Chinese corporations to invest in the Arctic have been accompanied by reports of other …

How China’s interests fit with the Arctic States’

Written by Kai Sun. With the melting of the sea ice at the top of the world, and the driving forces of globalization, the Arctic has moved from periphery towards the center of world politics. The eight Arctic states have issued or updated their strategies/policies in the region over the past few years, elucidating their …

The inevitable dilemma of China’s Arctic adventure

Written by Jingchao Peng. The number of seats in the Arctic Council expanded in 2013, when China and five other states (Japan, India, Singapore, South Korea and Italy) were granted permanent observer status to the institution. Yet, it was China’s participation that generated the majority of media and scholarly attention cast on Arctic Council’s latest enlargement. …

Sino-Russian collaboration on the Northern Sea Route development

Written by Svetlana Krivokhizh & Nadezhda Filimonova. In recent years interest in commercial navigation through the Northern Sea Route (NSR) has grown significantly among Arctic and non-Arctic states alike. The main reason relates to the retreat of ice in the Arctic Sea, which creates opportunities for the use of a viable sea route for shipping and trade. …

China rediscovers its northern roots

Written by Mia Bennett. In May 2013, China gained observer status in the Arctic Council, the preeminent intergovernmental organization of the world’s northernmost region. China, along with South Korea, Japan, Singapore, India, and Italy, joined the ranks of existing observer states like the United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Spain, to name a few. China’s newfound …

China and the Arctic: Where’s the Great Power Competition?

Written by Iselin Stensdal. The title of this blog’s special issue is ‘China and the Arctic: Site of great power competition?’, and sometimes one may get the impression that the Arctic has become a new battlefield for three of the world’s great powers. The USA and Russia are geographically closest up North. Now we may …

China’s Interest in Arctic Shipping

Written by Frédéric Lasserre. The commercial and strategic implications of climate change and the melting of the sea ice in the Arctic have drawn attention not only to Arctic states, but also to some other countries that have no territorial access to the region, such as China, South Korea, and Japan. Reasoning on the new climatological …

The Arctic: China’s Third Silk Road

Written by Stephen Blank. As with so many other issues, China’s Arctic policy combines commercial opportunity, a desire for energy security and geostrategic considerations. The commercial motive is obvious. To the extent that the Arctic becomes available for commercial navigation so it becomes an attractive thoroughfare for China and for those exporting to China, because …

China’s Emerging Interests in the Arctic

Written by Nong Hong. During the Cold War, the Arctic was a security flashpoint with nuclear submarines from the United States and the Soviet Union patrolling deep below the polar ice of the Arctic Ocean and bombers airborne over the region. Today, the Arctic may be disassociated from great power politics, but new geopolitical realities …